How Being Overweight Or Obese Makes You More Susceptible To Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is a medical condition is which the individual suffers joint pain in the hands, hips, knees, neck and back. With time, the joints of the body experiences wear and tear. Thus, these joint problems are not unusual to find among aging people. However, since past few decades, younger people are also becoming a prime target for this disease.

One of the primary contributing factors for the same is obesity. Obesity is another medical condition characterized by accumulating excessive body weight. The degree of being overweight is measured in terms of Body Mass Index, more commonly known as BMI. Obesity surgery in India is performed to address the conditions of the people whose weight falls beyond the normal limits. The close association between these two conditions have been found.

Osteoarthritis - ILS Bariatric Care

Apart from just knees, gaining weight causes much more pressure on the joints of the body. This usually happens due to the possible breakdown of cartilage near the joints. Let’s understand it more clearly by a small, everyday example. While standing, the joints (say knee joint in particular), experience the pressure of the body weight. While walking this pressure increases even more approximately between three to six times.

In case one gains weight, the calculation keeps on multiplying exponentially. In fact, gaining merely 10 extra pounds, increases the pressure on the knees by 40 to 60 pounds. Though, osteoarthritis can be a result of several other factors as well. Being overweight or obese is one of the prime factors for the same. The risk of having some kind of osteoarthritis, especially knee joint enhances by nearly four times in case of women and about 5 times in case of men as compared to individuals with ideal body weight.

Osteoarthritis - ILS Bariatric Surgery

Now, if increasing weight increases the chances of osteoarthritis, then is the converse statement is equally true? Losing weight does ensure more healthy conditions of joint pain. In fact, losing even a tiny amount of weight will reduce the risk of possible osteoarthritis in the future. Thus, maintaining one’s ideal weight is recommended to have a healthy and fit life. It is easier to say rather doing. But fortunately, with the help of obesity surgery in India, now losing weight is much simpler.

A well-qualified panel of doctors and nutritionist is recommended for the individuals who are suffering from obesity to regain their ideal body weight.

Lap Band Surgery – What, Who, How & Where?

Being overweight is a lot more serious threat than anticipated. It brings several other complications as add- ons. Thankfully, with the help of advanced medical approach, now losing weight is rather convenient. Adjustable gastric band is one of such weight reduction surgery methods. Let’s understand various aspects of it.

What is an adjustable lap band?

Adjustable gastric banding or simply lap band is a surgical method to achieve significant weight loss of the body by the means of making the stomach smaller. It is done by tying an inflatable band to the stomach and limiting the amount of food intake.

Adjustable Lap Band - ILS Bariatric Surgery

Who are qualified to have it?

Just like any other surgical procedure, this weight reduction surgery technique cannot be done solely based on an individual’s or a doctor’s will. In order to qualify for undergoing this procedure, an individual must possess BMI (Body Mass Index) of 40 or more.

Though if someone is having a BMI above 30 accompanied by some obesity related health complications such as sleep apnea or osteoarthritis, then lap band technique can be executed. Several times, an individual is allowed to undergo it, only if other method of losing weight, such as diet control or exercise hasn’t yielded any desirable results.

Obesity - ILS Bariatric Surgery

How is this procedure carried out?

An inflatable band is tied around the upper portion of the stomach. This band, made up of silicon, is not inflated during the surgery itself. But after a short duration, it is inflated by adding salt water. This divides the stomach into a larger bottom portion and a smaller pouch at the top. This small pouch is what stores the food as the person eats. Since the size of the stomach is reduced significantly, the individual feels full sooner than usual.

In long term, this results in much lesser consumption of food with full satisfaction (as it leads to fewer hunger pangs. And thus, the individual loses significant weight in comparably lesser time period. Moreover, with the help of a port, which is implanted just beneath the skin, the silicon band can be adjusted to make the pouch smaller or larger depending upon the needs of the individual.

This is a surgical approach in the world of bariatric surgery, in which no major or permanent change is made in the digestive system. In fact, this entire procedure can be easily reversed by removing the band.

adjustable lap band - ILS Bariatric Surgery

Where to go for the adjustable lap band method?

ILS Bariatric Care, a unit of the prestigious ILS group is entirely dedicated to help people suffering from obesity to achieve ideal body weight. It offers several bariatric surgery approaches suitable for an individual based on his needs and conditions.

Is Globalization Causing Obesity Worldwide?

We all have come across this term ‘globalization’ several times in our life. Some say it’s doing good to the world, while others argue in the against. The laparoscopic obesity surgeon says, it actually favors obesity. Let’s understand, what globalization is and how it plays a role in global obesity.

Obesity - ILS Bariatric Surgery

So, what is globalization?

The intra and inter spread of technology, knowledge and capital among countries is called globalization. Almost every country is affected by culture, technologies and knowledge of other leading countries. The globalization has now extended up to health, treatment, education, fashion and even lifestyle. This global phenomenon has done both good and bad, particularly for health.

The good impacts of globalization – it has uplifted several people out of poverty by providing employment, thus reduced hunger, malnutrition and protection from infectious diseases. Overall, it has improved the quality of life.

The negative effects of globalization – the improved quality of life, access to junk food and advertisements in turn had increased the waistline of majority of people especially in the developing countries such as China and India.

The role of globalization in fattening the world

When an individual is considered, he/she gains weight mostly due to excessive consumption of fatty food and lack of physical exercise. But when we consider the big picture, the environment (especially food and activity) in which he/she lives, play an important role as well. It comprises of the following factors, primarily-

Food environment “influences what a person will eat”- what food is available at what cost, along with the how much influence has it on minds due to its marketing.

Built environment “influences how active a person will be”-the surrounding landscape, transportation and safety for carrying out physical activities.

Reach of technology “influences what choices a person will make”- the lifestyle, and its accessories such as TV, cars and home-delivery services that affect everyday activities.

Doctors who perform laparoscopic obesity surgery says, before globalization made its leap, people usually used to consume local and seasonal food and fruit, usually whole cereals and grains. After globalization, barriers between nations almost faded and several fast food companies of one nation introduced their chain of food hubs in various part of the world and comparatively at affordable price as well. These foods are usually highly processed and contains considerably more fat.

Obesity

After a few decades, the developing nations began to face another threat along with malnutrition, namely obesity. It is quite strange for both these extreme nutritional abnormalities to co-exist. In recent times, the global count of obesity is actually higher than that of malnutrition. With about one third of global population counting as either overweight or obese.

Gastric Sleeve Surgery – What, Who, How And Where?

In this slim and trim world, several times being obese is considered as a taboo. No one fancies to carry around extra weight in their belly, but sadly most of the people do very little to stop that from happening. The number of people suffering from obesity is on constant rise since 1990. Excessive consumption of fatty food and lack of physical exercise are the two prime reasons for the same.

Noticing the increasing percentage of obesity throughout the world, doctors have come up with various open and laparoscopic surgical approaches to help obese people get rid of excess fats. Out of the lot, gastric sleeve surgery is one of the most popular approaches that is recommended by the doctors.

So what is gastric sleeve method?

It is also known as vertical sleeve gastronomy. It is one of the laparoscopic obesity surgery technique to lose weight permanently. It is done by making changes in the digestive tract, namely the stomach in this case. This aims for a significant weight loss in a long run.

Who are eligible to undergo it?

This surgery cannot be solely done on a patient’s or doctor’s will. One must fulfill certain criteria to undergo it, such as:

1. The BMI (Body Mass Index) of the patient should be more than 40, or

2. The BMI of the patient should be at least 30 with one or more obesity related disorders such as diabetes mellitus type 2, sleep apnea, osteoarthritis, cardiovascular diseases or high blood sugar/pressure.

Some obesity surgery doctors may also recommend it only when no other means of losing weight such as diet control or physical exercise had yield any significant result.

Gastric Sleeve Surgery

How is it carried out?

This procedure is carried out by removing a large portion of stomach. Approximately 70 to 75 percent stomach is stapled along the larger curvature of the stomach, which is then cut and removed. The remaining portion of stomach is left intact, connecting to the small intestine.

How effective is VSG?

It is very effective as the smaller size of the stomach makes the individual full sooner than usual. Also the reduced stomach produces lesser hunger causing hormone ‘ghrelin’ than usual. Overall the individual craves less for the food and consumes less quantity. By following the doctor’s guidelines, this laparoscopic obesity surgery technique remains effective for a very long period of term, usually a lifetime.

Laparoscopic Obesity Surgery

Where to go for gastric sleeve surgery?

ILS Bariatric Care offers safe and effective Gastric sleeve surgery for its patients. We, at ILS Bariatric care, prefer to carry out this surgery through laparoscopic approach, which employs special equipments and enable the doctor to perform safely through few small holes instead of a large incision. Our success rate is more than 90% and we ensure patient’s safety and satisfaction. Moreover, we are a certified experts in bariatric surgery under the accreditation of SRC, which is the world’s highest certification authority for metabolic and bariatric surgery.

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Obesity & Diabetes – How Is Obesity Interlinked To Diabetes?

There was a time when obesity was considered as an illness of aged people usually more than 50 years. Though the likelihood does elevates along with age factor, today even younger individual aging less than 30 are also becoming susceptible to it. According to doctors performing weight loss surgery in India, close association has been found between obesity and diabetes. Especially the accumulation of fat around abdominal region is known to trigger diabetes mellitus type 2.

Obesity and Diabetes

Though the exact cause for onset of diabetes is not entirely known, being obese or even overweight, significantly increases the chances of having it. An individual above ideal weight (BMI more than 30) is 80 percent more likely to get affected with it as compares to an individual with ideal body weight (BMI less than 25).

There are three ways in which obesity can trigger diabetes type 2-

1. The inflammatory response

The excessive abdominal fat leads the fat cells to secrete a chemical substance called ‘pro-inflammatory’. This causes hindrance to the body responsiveness towards the insulin produced by pancreas. With time the body loses its ability to respond to insulin, and reach to a diabetes mellitus type 2, and the stage is called ‘insulin resistance’.

2. The ER suppression

Obesity also results in stress in the cellular membrane known as ER (Endoplasmic Reticulum), which makes the ER to suppress the insulin receptor signals. Thus causing insulin resistance.

3. The metabolic function hindrance

Obesity also trigger severe changes in the metabolic function of the body. These causes the adipose tissues to release its fat content in the blood stream. This condition for a prolonged time period can induce insulin insensitivity and finally insulin resistance.

How can diabetes be prevented along with obesity?

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle by consuming balanced diet and regular exercise can assure a good health and can keep obesity and diabetes at bay. But once one becomes affected with it, dieting and exercise does not remain the most feasible solution due to several factors. Weight loss surgery in India remains the most effective solution for the same.

Diabetes Treatment

It is a surgical approach by which the digestive system of the individual is altered and thus it enables him to lose significant weight loss in considerably short time period. Moreover, it also enables the individual to get rid of several associated disorders such as diabetes. A reduction of 5 percent of overall body weight leads to 50 percent lesser risk of having diabetes mellitus type 2.

Why India Ranks As The Third Most Obese Nation In World?

India is a country of diversified culture and tradition. It has always stood with an unique image in global platform. But recently it is standing shoulder to shoulder with nations like USA and China in terms of obesity. USA contributes 13 percent of entire obese population in the world. The statistics become 15 percent including China and India.

According to esteemed obesity surgery doctors, in the race of this illness, India is in the third position with 30 million obese population. The number of obese has increased from 857 million to 2.1 billion, which is one third of total world population, in just past three decades.

Obesity People

If we look back to a few decades ago, the term ‘obesity’ was considered as an illness only rich people can ‘afford’. The first picture that came to mind was a very chubby (and wealthy) kid engulfing highly fatty food. But today, the scenario had changed drastically. Being overweight or obese is something almost anyone can afford.

If we look closely to the socio-economic condition of our nation, we roughly have 270 million people barely surviving below the poverty line. Under such circumstances, obesity does seem like an irrelevant issues, isn’t it? Well, not according to the studies conducted, almost one in every five adults in India is either obese or overweight (proceeding gradually towards obesity).

So how does India manage to have ranks in both malnutrition and obesity? Since past several decades, the socio-economic status had improved. In truth, an individual no longer need to search very thoroughly to have high fat content food. The availability of junk food is almost everywhere. Also the individuals had developed taste for these in contrast of their traditional food.

Obesity

Sometimes, it is observed that due to less income, an individual cannot afford to consume adequate fruits and vegetable; and instead, stuff their stomach with heavy (usually unhealthy) food to satisfy hunger. Also following sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy practice of smoking and drinking also acts a cushion to develop obesity among people. Moreover, intervention of modern technologies and amenities has turned people lethargic and less active.

But how do we calculate obesity in India? The most widely employed method is BMI (Body Mass Index). Ideally an individual possessing BMI more than or equal to 30 is considered as obese, but since Indian genetics is more prone to this disorder, according to several obesity surgery doctors, the range that should be consider for overweight is between 23 to 24.9 and obesity is above 25.

Measuring Obesity

Gastric Bypass Method – What, Who, How, Where?

There are people who remains overweight or obese despite of their efforts at losing weight. For such individuals, undergoing bariatric surgery in Kolkata remains the only option to shed unwanted weight. There are several methods of bariatric surgery and gastric bypass is one of the most effective surgery approach.

What is gastric bypass?

It is also known as roux en Y method. It is being performed for over 20 years in several parts of the world. It is more preferred option especially for the individuals suffering from diabetes along with obesity.

Bariatric Surgery in Kolkata

Who are eligible for this surgery?

In order to qualify for undergoing gastric bypass, the individual must atleast have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 40 or 35 with one or more morbid condition associated with obesity. And especially if none of the other methods have worked effectively.

bariatric surgery in Kolkata

How is it carried out?

The surgery initiates with making few holes on the abdomen. Through these orifices, instruments and camera is inserted inside the abdominal cavity. The stomach is divided and a small pouch is stapled in the top portion. The remaining portion of stomach is left intact inside the body. The small pouch is then re-routed to small intestine. After passing through the food pipe, the food gets stored only in the small pouch, from where it travels to the small intestine. The remaining of the stomach still produce digestive enzyme that meets with the partially digested food in the intestine.

bariatric surgery in Kolkata

This is effective in both ways

Restriction- The amount of food intake gets limited as the size of the stomach is much smaller than original size. Also, the individual feels full sooner.

Mal-absorption- The amount of nutrients gets absorbed back by the body as the path of small intestine is reduced.

bariatric surgery in Kolkata

Where to go for gastric bypass in India?

Make ILS Hospitals your one stop destination, if you are looking for a surgery approach that will last a lifetime. Modern medical approach and long experience makes us the perfect partner to lose weight. At ILS Hospitals, doctors prefer keyhole surgery, which is also known as laparoscopic surgery.

Bariatric Surgery in Kolkata

Being almost bloodless, painless and scar-less operation method with faster recovery, this surgery is popular among both, doctors and patients. The number of patients who are having bariatric surgery in Kolkata with successful results are increasing gradually.

Why Dieting Is Not A Good Option To Lose Weight?

One of the widely used term in this figure conscious world is – DIETING; and 99.99 percent of the time someone is referring to dieting, they mean ‘weight loss’. Losing weight is highly related to reducing meal portions significantly by millions of people around the world. But, before you begin this ‘perhaps not going to work’ trial for yourself, take a moment to know why it is not a good option if you are aiming to lose weight.

Our body needs all of the nutrients such as – carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamin and mineral from food in adequate amount. Keeping a perfect balance between these is necessary to maintain a healthy life. Ideally, before changing diet on regular basis, proper guidance and consultation is recommended to keep this balance. But in reality, it is observed that most of the people make their own diet chart practically out of blue and eliminates several nutrients from diet completely and thus, this balance gets hampered severely.

Bariatric Surgery in Kolkata

While following dieting regime, the mental state of the individual surrounds around only one thing that is FOOD – What to eat in breakfast, lunch and dinner. Resistance to avoid temptation to eat something but going for another item for a long time may actually result in mental depression. Also, the imbalanced nutrient contents lead to several health issues especially heart attack, diabetes and stroke.

Dieting yields temporary results for a time being, if left unchecked, the lost weight along with extra amount find its way back to body. Instead of making sudden changes, employing a small but steady step towards healthy lifestyle is much more effective in long run.

So, what can be done?

Doing adequate physical work along with proper nutrition is extremely important and act as the prime factor to lose weight. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is needed for a sound physical and mental health. However, for numerous people nowadays, obesity has become inevitable for several reasons. Instead of going for non-scientific dieting approach, opting for bariatric surgery in Kolkata is the best shot at getting rid of obesity. Though it does require few pre-requisites in order to qualify for bariatric surgery, the success rate of this surgical approach is extremely good.

Bariatric Surgery in Kolkata

Bariatric surgery in Kolkata is a surgical approach by which permanent changes are made in the digestive system and thus it remains effective in long run; that usually lasts a lifetime.

Criteria For Weight Loss Surgery – Is It an Ideal Solution for You?

It is always wise to know the per-requisite before making a major decision in life as they decide a great deal of factors. Same rules apply for bariatric surgery as well which is also known as in weight loss surgery in Kolkata. Just because you are aware of this surgery does not make you an ideal candidate for bariatric surgery, so it is important to know what factors qualify you for undergoing obesity surgery. But before that, at first it will be helpful to learn the criterion which distinguishes between ideal weight, overweight and obese.

Normal and abnormal body weight

The food that we consume gets stored in our body, which gradually converts into energy that enables us to work. With proper input and output of calories, you are ideally supposed to possess ideal weight. The problem arises when we fail to do adequate amount of physical activities and the body begins to store fat.

Measuring the body weight

The most widely accepted parameter for determining your ideal body weight is BMI (Body Mass Index). It is determined by dividing your weight by height. If the range exceeds 24.9, then you are overweight and the conclusion becomes obese if the result exceeds 30, which is further subdivided into obesity class I,II and III based on the BMI range.

Weight Loss Surgery

Associated complication with obesity

Several morbid condition such as sleep apnea, diabetes mellitus type 2, stroke, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, arthritis and infertility are closely associated with being overweight and obese.

Criteria for undergoing Obesity Surgery

If You are considering to undergo obesity surgery, you need to possess the criteria in order to qualify for the same. Your doctor will diagnose you thoroughly before giving you green signal to carry out this procedure. The following criteria are considered ideal for undergoing bariatric

  1. Your BMI must be at least 40
  2. Your BMI must be at least 35 with one of the morbid complications
  3. Your BMI must be at least 30 with two or more morbid complications.

Don’t strictly stick to the guidelines, cause the doctors may bend some rules as per your medical state and suggest when should you have this surgery. Remember every individual is unique and thus before jumping into conclusion regarding undergoing weight loss surgery in Kolkata, proper medical consultation is required.

weight-loss-surgery

Sleep Apnea & Obesity – Can Bariatric Surgery Help?

A strange but unfortunately true fact about most of the diseases is that they never come alone, they bring more diseases along with it. Such relationship exists between obesity and sleep apnea. Having obesity makes you more susceptible to acquire obstructive sleep apnea. Obesity is the medical condition in which an individual acquires excessive weight, and it begins to show adverse effect on health and make bariatric surgery in Kolkata inevitable. As already mentioned, obesity does not come alone, out of several accompanying disorders it brings, one of the major one is obstructive sleep apnea.

So, let’s begin with what is sleep apnea and how it is related to obesity.

What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea?

It is a common sleep disorder, in which an individual experiences repeatedly breathing pause for 10 seconds or more in between sleep. Sleep apnea occurs when the airway passage become blocked. As a result of this, the body does not get sufficient oxygen and its level in blood falls significantly.

bariatric surgery

The Prime Cause for Sleep Apnea

In case of adults, the prime cause for sleep apnea is associated with being overweight or obese. Having extra fat around the throat and neck blocks the passage and makes breathing more difficult. Apart from being overweight, having certain hereditary traits such as narrow neck and round head can also be contributing factors for the same. Use of sedatives along with smoking and excessive consumption of alcohol also leads to sleep apnea.

bariatric surgery

Sleep Apnea in Children

Not only adults, but children also become the victims of this dreadful disorder. Apart from childhood obesity, most common reason for occurrence of sleep apnea among children is enlarged tonsils or congenital defects such as Down syndrome or Pierre-Robin syndrome. In the prior condition, the tongue gets enlarged along with tonsils, thus decreasing the passage of airways. Whereas in the later condition, small size of lower jaw results in coiling of tongue backward and, thus, induce the condition.

bariatric surgery

Its Relation with Obesity

Majority of the people suffering from sleep apnea are either obese or overweight. In fact, there is a close relation between BMI (Body Mass Index) and sleep apnea. With each unit rise in BMI, approximately 14% risk elevates of being affected with sleep apnea. Apart from obesity, the neck circumference also plays an important role for developing this disorder. Men with neck circumference 17 inches (15 inches in case of women) are more susceptible of having sleep apnea.

bariatric surgery

Treatment of Sleep Apnea

Untreated sleep apnea can trigger several other complications such as cardiovascular disease and can also proves fatal. Thus, it is recommended to seek proper medication as soon as one becomes aware of possessing this disorder. The most widely experienced symptoms are loud snoring and persistent nighttime awakening and fatigue throughout the day. Though oral medication and snoring clip may handle the disorder, but undergoing bariatric surgery in Kolkata is the permanent way to get rid of it.

Bariatric-Surgery