Obesity and Pregnancy Complications

Obesity is a medical condition in which an individual gains much more weight than they can comfortably manage. It degrades the health severely and affects several other health related aspect. Infertility is merely one of them. Infertility can be defined as the inability to produce a child by people of reproductive age, even without using a birth control means. It can cause trouble for both men and women, often going for the weight loss surgery in India remains the only option for regaining the conceiving ability. 

 How does it affect natural pregnancy?

Obesity can adversely affect the pregnancy by causing abruption to the normal ovulation cycle. In fact, the maternal obesity is one of the major threat affecting in the domain of gynecology and obstetrics.

Even if an overweight or obese woman conceives a baby, the chances of having some or the other pregnancy-related complications enhance significantly as compared to a woman of normal weight. These complications include gestational diabetes, miscarriage, induced labor, infection, preeclampsia, stillbirth, and so on.

Also, the babies born to such mothers are more likely to suffer from macrosomia, congenital deformities, premature birth and neonatal death. Also, it increases the chance of developing obesity in childhood and later life as well.

Obesity and Pregnancy

How does it affect in vitro pregnancy?

Seeking clinical aid for the conceiving is not new and in fact, with time, even more, and more couples are looking for the same. Also, the in vitro fertilization has helped a lot of people to help conceive and carry a safe pregnancy period.

However, things get complicated, in case the women in concern are overweight or obese. As obesity can literally negate the outcome of any in vitro fertilization.  Thus, it is not uncommon to find women with excessive weight undergoing repeated assisted pregnancy without any positive results.

What is the Solution?

The number of women suffering from maternal obesity is on the rise. Regular exercise, balanced diet, and healthy lifestyle is the key to ensure that the issue of infertility does not become a major threat, unless, some other medical condition is present as well.

Obesity and Pregnancy

But on the bright side, the emergence of weight loss surgery in India has helped a lot to address the situation. After undergoing bariatric surgery, a woman who wishes to conceive must ideally wait for a year and a half to two before trying for the same. Statistically, it has been found that the number of women who successfully conceived and has a safe childbirth was exceptionally good.

Obesity And Pregnancy – How Does It Affect the Baby?

As it has been already discussed that maternity and obesity does not go very well, hand in hand. The complication it possess to the mother has been discussed here. It is now time to find out how being obese affects the baby. According to obesity surgery doctors, being obese, put the health and wellbeing of the baby in jeopardy as well.

So let’s have a look at how obesity complicates a normal pregnancy, childbirth and growth of the baby. The risk of having the following medical conditions enhances significantly in case of pregnancy involving obesity-

1. Macrosomia – It is a condition in which a newborn baby is born with abnormally large body weight, body mass, especially the fat content. It can even cause the baby to get blocked during vaginal birth and might lead to unplanned C-Section. This, in turn, increases the chances of infection and recovery.

Macrosomia

Apart from causing health issues during childbirth and infancy such as difficulty in diagnosis heart rate and ultrasound, it also greatly elevates the chance of being obese since early childhood itself.

2. Birth defects – The chances of occurrence of certain birth defects such as neural tube defects and heart defects increase significantly in case of obesity of the mother. There are chances for the same for the babies who are born to mothers with normal body weight, but statistically the result differs a lot.

Birth Defects

3. Chronic condition – Being obese enhances the possible occurrence of several conditions like diabetes or cardiovascular diseases as an adult.

Chronic Condition

4. Preterm birth – The chances of having a preterm labor and birth are very high when obesity is involved in the maternal profile. Preterm birth is defined as delivery of the baby before completion of 39 weeks of pregnancy. As a result of early delivery, the baby is not fully developed and remains prone to several long term and short term complications.

Preterm Birth

5. Stillbirth or miscarriage – Having a BMI much higher than 40 is linked with higher chances of stillbirth and even pregnancy loss as compared to the women with a normal BMI range.

Stillbirth or Miscarriage

Thus, it is always advised to lose weight and achieve a normal Body Mass Index before planning for a baby. According to obesity surgery doctors, some obese patient still have a safe pregnancy with lots of precaution and safety measures, but a lot of other women struggle heavily for the same.

Obesity And Pregnancy- How Does It Affect the Mother’s Health?

Most of the mothers and would-be moms explain maternity as the most special time of their life. Though several women suffer a lot during this as well, mainly due to several medical problems. These complications increase exponentially when a unique condition called obesity in into the scenario. For this same reason, obesity doctors recommend to undergo weight loss surgery in India before planning for a baby.

Let’s discuss in details, what are the medical risks the mother may face during pregnancy due to obesity-

1. Gestational diabetes – It is the rare type of diabetes that is first diagnosed during pregnancy, and usually resolves on its own after childbirth. Though several women get gestational diabetes during pregnancy, being obese increases this risk significantly.

Gestational diabetes

Though, most of the time, it does resolves after the delivery, it makes the obese women highly susceptible to have diabetes in the future.

2. Sleep apnea – It is a very common side effect of obesity, in which a person, stops breathing for small duration during sleep. Usually it is not a life threatening case and only leads to fatigue. During, pregnancy, however, it brings lots of tagalong medical conditions, such as high blood pressure, heart and lungs disorder and preeclampsia.

Weight loss surgery in India not only remove excess body weight, but also resolves sleep apnea.

Sleep apnea

3. Preeclampsia – It is an extremely serious medical condition of building up high blood pressure. It may onset either during pregnancy or after it. Apart from causing possible liver and kidney failure, it can cause some serious damage to the entire body.

It can even lead to seizures in some rare cases, causing eclampsia. Occasionally, it may require early childbirth for the safety of the child

Preeclampsia

4. Cesarean section delivery – Even though both vaginal deliveries and C-section deliveries has its perks and drawbacks, the former appears as the better procedures for several reasons. Being obese almost always requires either a planned or emergency C-section. Obesity, also, increases the complications associated with C-section.

Cesarean section delivery

5. Infection – Continuing from the previous point, obesity severely increases the postpartum infections associated with childbirth, independent of the procedure. The occurrence of urinary tract infection is also high among obese women.

Infection

6. Overdue pregnancy and Labor issues – Being obese may cause pregnancy to extend beyond ideal. Obesity often causes more lengthy and difficult labor induction. It also interferes with several pain killer medicines, which makes labor much more difficult.

Overdue pregnancy and Labor issues

These are some of the complications a would-be mother may encounter if she falls in the category of obesity. Managing weight is strictly advised at least a year before conceiving for a safe pregnancy and childbirth.