Sleep Apnea & Obesity – Can Bariatric Surgery Help?

A strange but unfortunately true fact about most of the diseases is that they never come alone, they bring more diseases along with it. Such relationship exists between obesity and sleep apnea. Having obesity makes you more susceptible to acquire obstructive sleep apnea. Obesity is the medical condition in which an individual acquires excessive weight, and it begins to show adverse effect on health and make bariatric surgery in Kolkata inevitable. As already mentioned, obesity does not come alone, out of several accompanying disorders it brings, one of the major one is obstructive sleep apnea.

So, let’s begin with what is sleep apnea and how it is related to obesity.

What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea?

It is a common sleep disorder, in which an individual experiences repeatedly breathing pause for 10 seconds or more in between sleep. Sleep apnea occurs when the airway passage become blocked. As a result of this, the body does not get sufficient oxygen and its level in blood falls significantly.

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The Prime Cause for Sleep Apnea

In case of adults, the prime cause for sleep apnea is associated with being overweight or obese. Having extra fat around the throat and neck blocks the passage and makes breathing more difficult. Apart from being overweight, having certain hereditary traits such as narrow neck and round head can also be contributing factors for the same. Use of sedatives along with smoking and excessive consumption of alcohol also leads to sleep apnea.

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Sleep Apnea in Children

Not only adults, but children also become the victims of this dreadful disorder. Apart from childhood obesity, most common reason for occurrence of sleep apnea among children is enlarged tonsils or congenital defects such as Down syndrome or Pierre-Robin syndrome. In the prior condition, the tongue gets enlarged along with tonsils, thus decreasing the passage of airways. Whereas in the later condition, small size of lower jaw results in coiling of tongue backward and, thus, induce the condition.

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Its Relation with Obesity

Majority of the people suffering from sleep apnea are either obese or overweight. In fact, there is a close relation between BMI (Body Mass Index) and sleep apnea. With each unit rise in BMI, approximately 14% risk elevates of being affected with sleep apnea. Apart from obesity, the neck circumference also plays an important role for developing this disorder. Men with neck circumference 17 inches (15 inches in case of women) are more susceptible of having sleep apnea.

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Treatment of Sleep Apnea

Untreated sleep apnea can trigger several other complications such as cardiovascular disease and can also proves fatal. Thus, it is recommended to seek proper medication as soon as one becomes aware of possessing this disorder. The most widely experienced symptoms are loud snoring and persistent nighttime awakening and fatigue throughout the day. Though oral medication and snoring clip may handle the disorder, but undergoing bariatric surgery in Kolkata is the permanent way to get rid of it.

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