“The more the merrier” always does not hold true, one classic example of the same would be body weight. A weight gain of 3 to 5 kilograms might not be a major issue, but if one keeps gaining weight over a long time, they are likely to fall in the trap of obesity; a point where bariatric surgery remains the only viable solution.
But why is obesity such a big threat?
Some people might wonder why gaining weight is considered as a health threat. Well, the answer is that obesity does more harm that just making the person look fat. It makes them more susceptible to several cardiovascular diseases. Until recently, the correlation between these two were unclear.
But after several studies, it can be concluded that having excess fat in the body, significantly increases the chances of developing coronary heart diseases. Some of the most common complications associated with it are hypertension, reduction in HDL cholesterol, dyslipidemia, glucose intolerance, hyperinsulinemia and several others.
The increase in BMI has been associated with cardiovascular diseases, but the overall content of fat and fat distribution in the body is also a significant factor towards determining the heart conditions.
How exactly obesity distorts heart health?
A healthy heart performs lots of functions vital for the body. The heart is a muscular organ that pumps blood to the body and back, with the help of blood vessels – arteries, veins and capillaries. Through this circulation, it supplies oxygen and nutrients to the body and carries carbon dioxide back from the body. This process is extremely vital for healthy living.
Obesity can disrupt these functions greatly and can induce complications such as high blood pressure, high sugar and high cholesterol. The most eminent harm it can cause is directly to the heart muscle itself. Obesity leads to enhancement of volume of blood to be circulated.
This causes the heart to pump much greater volume of blood in every beat. Over a long time, it strains the heart muscles. Moreover, obesity leads to arrhythmias, a condition with irregular heartbeats. Eventually, it can lead to cardiac arrest. An obese person is 40 times more likely to suffer from cardiac ailments as compared to a person with healthy weight.
The silver lining is the fact that losing as little as 5 to 10 percent of the total body weight can improve cardiac health significantly. Bariatric surgery in India can also be considered as an alternative option for a healthy life.