Obesity And Pregnancy – How Does It Affect the Baby?

As it has been already discussed that maternity and obesity does not go very well, hand in hand. The complication it possess to the mother has been discussed here. It is now time to find out how being obese affects the baby. According to obesity surgery doctors, being obese, put the health and wellbeing of the baby in jeopardy as well.

So let’s have a look at how obesity complicates a normal pregnancy, childbirth and growth of the baby. The risk of having the following medical conditions enhances significantly in case of pregnancy involving obesity-

1. Macrosomia – It is a condition in which a newborn baby is born with abnormally large body weight, body mass, especially the fat content. It can even cause the baby to get blocked during vaginal birth and might lead to unplanned C-Section. This, in turn, increases the chances of infection and recovery.

Macrosomia

Apart from causing health issues during childbirth and infancy such as difficulty in diagnosis heart rate and ultrasound, it also greatly elevates the chance of being obese since early childhood itself.

2. Birth defects – The chances of occurrence of certain birth defects such as neural tube defects and heart defects increase significantly in case of obesity of the mother. There are chances for the same for the babies who are born to mothers with normal body weight, but statistically the result differs a lot.

Birth Defects

3. Chronic condition – Being obese enhances the possible occurrence of several conditions like diabetes or cardiovascular diseases as an adult.

Chronic Condition

4. Preterm birth – The chances of having a preterm labor and birth are very high when obesity is involved in the maternal profile. Preterm birth is defined as delivery of the baby before completion of 39 weeks of pregnancy. As a result of early delivery, the baby is not fully developed and remains prone to several long term and short term complications.

Preterm Birth

5. Stillbirth or miscarriage – Having a BMI much higher than 40 is linked with higher chances of stillbirth and even pregnancy loss as compared to the women with a normal BMI range.

Stillbirth or Miscarriage

Thus, it is always advised to lose weight and achieve a normal Body Mass Index before planning for a baby. According to obesity surgery doctors, some obese patient still have a safe pregnancy with lots of precaution and safety measures, but a lot of other women struggle heavily for the same.