The fundamental objective of Bariatric surgery is to help morbidly obese people losing weight by preventing them from overindulging. The outcome of any bariatric surgery is either a smaller intestine or a smaller stomach. This way, the patient is either eating less or absorbing nutrient less. This food limit done through bariatric surgery helps by altering the basic anatomy of the digestive system. Bariatric surgery is conducted on patients who have a BMI of 40 and above. Additionally, it is done on patients having a BMI of 30 as well as suffering from critical medical conditions such as diabetes, blood pressure, arthritis, cardiac ailments or lung disorders. For these patients, it is important that the fat level is decreased so as to treat the associated medical ailments. And for this, bariatric surgery is the best answer. The beauty of bariatric surgery is that it is a boon for patients who cannot follow regular weight-loss programs or exercises due to their medical ailments. By restricting the size of the stomach and decreasing the nutrient absorption, bariatric surgery successfully helps in yielding much needed health benefits for patients suffering from Type-2 diabetes and even cancer.
Types of Bariatric Surgery
The three commonly performed types of bariatric surgeries are lap-band, bariatric bypass and gastric sleeve. The surgery type is essentially determined after full-medical check-up as well as consultation with physicians. As a result, it is extremely critical to choose the right health-care center as well as a good bariatric surgery doctor. In general obesity related surgeries are either open or laparoscopic. While both surgery types are performed as per requirement, laparoscopic surgeries are generally preferred by both patients and surgeons. Laparoscopic obesity surgery is a minimally invasive type of bariatric surgery that involves less pain, no scars and quicker post-surgery recovery time. Also, the time taken for laparoscopic obesity surgery is much lesser compare to open-surgery types.
Post Bariatric Surgery- Complications and Care
Post Bariatric surgery care is to take you back on track with a healthier lifestyle. For the first few days, food intake is limited to liquid foods such as fruit juices, cream broth and sugarless gelatin desserts. After that, a mix of diluted liquids and cream like solid food is given to adjust the stomach to new environment. After surgery, there is a feeling of lack of energy or drowsiness. However, proper care should be given and it is important not to overload the stomach just after the surgery. Doctors often provide vitamin pills for compensating the lack of essential nutrients. It is also critical to follow the diet and exercise charts provided by physicians for a quicker recovery. Post bariatric surgery, patients are generally recommended a low carbohydrate and high protein diet. With proper care and regular check-up, you can get back to your normal lifestyle within 6 weeks of the surgery.
Bariatric surgery in India has become very popular owing to the low-cost and increased availability of good bariatric surgery hospitals and health care centers. Other benefits of having this surgery in India include more and more inflow of skilled and experienced bariatric surgeons, opening of top-notch hospitals with state-of-the-art infrastructure and professional support staff, and availability of latest technicalequipment.