Sleep Apnea & Obesity – Can Bariatric Surgery Help?

A strange but unfortunately true fact about most of the diseases is that they never come alone, they bring more diseases along with it. Such relationship exists between obesity and sleep apnea. Having obesity makes you more susceptible to acquire obstructive sleep apnea. Obesity is the medical condition in which an individual acquires excessive weight, and it begins to show adverse effect on health and make bariatric surgery in Kolkata inevitable. As already mentioned, obesity does not come alone, out of several accompanying disorders it brings, one of the major one is obstructive sleep apnea.

So, let’s begin with what is sleep apnea and how it is related to obesity.

What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea?

It is a common sleep disorder, in which an individual experiences repeatedly breathing pause for 10 seconds or more in between sleep. Sleep apnea occurs when the airway passage become blocked. As a result of this, the body does not get sufficient oxygen and its level in blood falls significantly.

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The Prime Cause for Sleep Apnea

In case of adults, the prime cause for sleep apnea is associated with being overweight or obese. Having extra fat around the throat and neck blocks the passage and makes breathing more difficult. Apart from being overweight, having certain hereditary traits such as narrow neck and round head can also be contributing factors for the same. Use of sedatives along with smoking and excessive consumption of alcohol also leads to sleep apnea.

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Sleep Apnea in Children

Not only adults, but children also become the victims of this dreadful disorder. Apart from childhood obesity, most common reason for occurrence of sleep apnea among children is enlarged tonsils or congenital defects such as Down syndrome or Pierre-Robin syndrome. In the prior condition, the tongue gets enlarged along with tonsils, thus decreasing the passage of airways. Whereas in the later condition, small size of lower jaw results in coiling of tongue backward and, thus, induce the condition.

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Its Relation with Obesity

Majority of the people suffering from sleep apnea are either obese or overweight. In fact, there is a close relation between BMI (Body Mass Index) and sleep apnea. With each unit rise in BMI, approximately 14% risk elevates of being affected with sleep apnea. Apart from obesity, the neck circumference also plays an important role for developing this disorder. Men with neck circumference 17 inches (15 inches in case of women) are more susceptible of having sleep apnea.

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Treatment of Sleep Apnea

Untreated sleep apnea can trigger several other complications such as cardiovascular disease and can also proves fatal. Thus, it is recommended to seek proper medication as soon as one becomes aware of possessing this disorder. The most widely experienced symptoms are loud snoring and persistent nighttime awakening and fatigue throughout the day. Though oral medication and snoring clip may handle the disorder, but undergoing bariatric surgery in Kolkata is the permanent way to get rid of it.

Bariatric-Surgery

How Prolonged Obesity Can Ruin Your Chances Of Parenthood?

Arrival of a child brings miraculous changes in the life of the parents. If you are trying to conceive and your (or spouse’s) weight is more than ideal, then you might want ti know what may go wrong in your future plans. According to obesity surgery doctors, obesity is highly related to infertility.

Infertility is a medical condition in which an individual or a couple is unable to conceive due to complications in either or both partner(s).

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How it affects both men and women?

Apart from causing physical constraints to have normal sex life, being obese leads to lesser chances of conception for both men and women.

For men – Obesity leads to lower secretion of testosterone, which directly affects the sperm count in men. Also, it leads to erectile dysfunction which is an important factor for fatherhood.

For women – Obesity can cause hormonal imbalance and cause problem with ovulation. Obesity is highly linked with polycystic ovary syndrome. It is one of the leading factors for infertility, affecting one in every five women of reproductive age.

How it affects pregnancies?

Even if an obese woman successfully conceives, she is more susceptible to give birth to preterm babies and induce stillbirth. Babies born to obese mother tends to acquire obesity in later life.

How to measure obesity?

Obesity can be measured in BMI (Body Mass Index). It is the ratio of an individual’s weight and height. If the result falls between 25 to 30, then you are overweight. If you fall between 30 and 40 scale, you are medically obese. If your BMI exceeds 40, you are morbidly obese, which is further subdivided into three classes i,ii and iii.

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What can be done to help?

If your weight is slightly more than ideal, then a combination of regular exercise and healthy diet can help you to shed weight. But if your weight is more than it should be, then you fall in ‘morbidly obese’ category. In this scenario, bariatric surgery is your best shot to battle obesity out of your life. Bariatric surgery removes all excess weight from your body and allows you to resume healthy lifestyle.

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Where to go for bariatric surgery?

ILS Bariatric Care is a unit of prestigious ILS Hospitals, totally dedicated to help people struggling with obesity. It offers quality treatment and obesity surgery in India.

ILS Bariatric Care

Weight Loss Surgery – 5 Common Myths Debunked!

Myths and facts regarding any topic is far away from each other. Just like any other medical procedure, several myths surround bariatric surgery as well. Though Laparoscopic weight loss surgery in Kolkata is one of the best ways to lose weight, its effectiveness is still questioned by several people around the nation.

So, here is list of 5 most common myths and their respective facts:

Myth 1. Bariatric surgery reduces your chance of getting pregnant

Though you might be advised to wait for a year or so to ensure safe pregnancy, weight loss surgery does not hamper the chances of pregnancy. In contrast, it enhances your scope of maternity, which might have been a issue with extra weight. This delay is often suggested until the body gets used to the routine food habit.

Weight Loss Surgery Myths

Myth 2. You must be at least 300 lbs to undergo weight reduction surgery

There is a misconception that only morbidly obese patients can undergo bariatric surgery. If your weight is 30-50 kilograms more than ideal, then you are considered fit to undergo bariatric surgery. According to NIH (National Institute of Health), any individual possessing BMI more than or equal to 30, is considered as obese and thus can be considered for bariatric surgery.

However, each case is unique in terms of health and fitness, and therefore every case must be first discussed with the doctor.

Weight Loss Surgery Myths

Myth 3. Weight loss surgery leaves a huge scar on the skin

Had it been 4-5 decades ago, it might have been true. Previously the procedures were carried out by traditional open surgery. Today, in contrast, Laparoscopic obesity surgery is the preferred approach. This type of operation is comparatively bloodless, painless and scar-less. The minimally invasive surgery requires three to four incisions of about one fourth of an inch. It offers quicker recovery and resume to routine lifestyle.

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Myth 4. You only have to survive on liquid diet after surgery

It is true that you have to consume liquid diet until few days before and after the surgery. Taking liquid diet before surgery allows the liver to shrink and makes the operation easier to perform. But within a matter of a fortnight, you can go back to your routine food habit. However, some of the food is restricted after the surgery, and you have to maintain a diet chart for a while. After a week or two, you are permitted to go back to regular solid diet.

Weight Loss Surgery Myths

Myth 5. Every patient suffers from dumping syndrome after surgery

Though, it is common to experience dumping syndrome during post surgery period, it is not a necessary side effect for everyone. Dumping syndrome is a medical condition in which the body flushes partially digested food out of the system way too early. Abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea are the most common symptoms of dumping syndrome. In case it occurs, it can be tackled by avoiding food rich in fat and sugar content.

Weight Loss Surgery Myths

Duodenal Switch: What, Who, How, When And Where?

Obesity is a problem faced by several individuals around the globe. Weight loss surgery, medically known as bariatric surgery in Kolkata, has proved as an helpful tool to overcome obesity. Bariatric surgery is a group of surgical approaches which involve reducing and resizing the digestive system of the individual. One of the most executed bariatric surgery approach is the Duodenal switch. Lets understand in brief how this works.

What is Duodenal Switch?

Duodenal switch is one of the weight-loss surgery approaches that is gaining popularity among patients and doctors because of the extensive benefits it provides. It is opted by the patients suffering from obesity, who are unable to lose weight by mere exercise and diet control. Obesity is a condition in which an individual accumulates excessive weight, which results in adverse effect on the body.

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Who are qualified for undergoing it?

The patients who are obese can be considered for this surgery. The parameter of obesity can be determined by BMI (Body Mass Index). The BMI of an individual can be calculated by dividing their weight by square of their height. This result yields in form of a numerical value. If an individual’s BMI is more than 30, he is considered as obese.

In order to qualify for Duodenal switch, the patient must satisfy either of the following criteria:

  1. BMI over 40
  2. BMI over 35 with at at least one of the morbid condition
  3. BMI over 30 with at least two of the morbid illness

The morbid conditions are such as:

  • Diabetes mellitus type 2
  • Sleep apnea
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Osteoarthritis
  • High blood pressure and cholesterol

How this procedure is carried out?

Duodenal switch is performed by achieving both restriction and mal-absorption. Approximately 70% of the entire stomach is reduced along the greater curvature. Along with it, a major portion of small intestine, called duodenum, is eliminated, hence deriving the name ‘duodenal switch’.

The reduced size of the stomach ensures lesser intake of food in the stomach. It also leads to lesser secretion of ‘hunger causing’ hormone. The individual feels full sooner than usual after the surgery. Moreover, the re-routed intestine ensures lesser amount of absorption of nutrients back in the body.

When can one go for Duodenal switch?

Bariatric surgery cannot be performed solely based on the will of the patients. A diet and exercise regime has to be followed before undergoing it. This is to be followed even after the surgery to ensure the effectiveness of the surgery. Proper diagnosis and screening is vital in order to decide when to go for it.

Bariatric Surgery in Kolkata

Where to go for this surgical approach?

There are several hospitals where you can opt for duodenal switch. ILS Bariatric Care is one of the finest hospitals that offers bariatric surgery to people from all over India and abroad. The surgery is led by Dr. Om Tantia, who is one of the pioneer obesity surgery doctors in India.