Bariatric Care in India Changes Gut Bacteria

As obesity is a major health crisis, doctors are continuously looking for improved bariatric care in India. Several types of surgeries are available for people suffering from the effects of obesity. Some surgeries, such as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and vertical banded gastroplasty are recommended by many weight loss consultants for its effectiveness. Recently, doctors have conducted a research to find whether bariatric surgery changes the gut bacteria in a patient’s body.

In this research, bariatric doctors in Sweden monitored the gut bacteria of several women for a decade. The research involved monitoring two types of women; women who have undergone an efficient bariatric surgery, and obese women who haven’t undergone the same. Moreover, the first category of women consisted of two groups – one, who went for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and, second, who went for vertical banded gastroplasty. As both the surgeries are an imperative part of bariatric care in India, this research has great significance in Indian medical industry.

Analysis

During this research, it was observed that the women who have gone for surgery had a different composition of gut bacteria than the ones who didn’t undergo the surgery. In fact, the composition of these Escherichia, Klebsiella and Pseudomonas bacteria were more abundant in women who opted for the surgery.

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When further analysis was conducted, it was found that the women who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass had better composition of gut bacteria than obese women that opted for vertical banded gastroplasty.

Experiment

To find the effectiveness of gut bacteria, bariatric surgery researchers transferred the bacteria of different groups of women to especially raised mice that didn’t had their own gut bacteria. Hence, the gut bacteria of women that didn’t undergo and the ones that underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and vertical banded gastroplasty were transferred into different mice.

Result

Observation stated that the mice whose body were given the gut bacteria of women who have experienced the Roux-en-Y surgery and the vertical banded gastroplasty had 43% and 26% lesser body fat respectively than the mice whose body got the gut bacteria of women who haven’t undergone surgery.

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Hence, this research stated that the gut bacteria is directly responsible for triggering weight loss in humans. In addition to this, it was highlighted that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is the most effective bariatric care in India as it composes more efficient gut bacteria than any other recommended practices.

Post-Operative Bariatric Care in India

Over the years, we have been hearing that bariatric surgery is the highway to weight loss. The fact that it reduces excess fats is sufficient for many obese patients to make up their mind for undergoing this surgery. Most of the prospective patients for obesity surgery look for information about the pre-surgery period and the surgery day. Meanwhile, what they often overlook is the post-operative bariatric care in India.

As weight loss consultants state that the effectiveness of a surgery depends upon the pre-surgery preparation and post-surgery recovery, it is crucial to know and prepare for what happens after bariatric surgery in India. A number of doubts arise as soon as post-operative period pops in our brain. Here are the answers to some common doubts about post-operative bariatric care in India.question_mark_person

 

How long does the surgery take? When do I recover from anesthesia?

As bariatric surgery is of several types at present, the actual time required to perform an obesity surgery depends upon its type. In general, surgeons perform a surgery within two and a half hours. However, if you need further surgical assistance, the time may increase up to 6 hours. Once the surgery is performed, you are transferred to a recovery room, where you recover from anesthesia in two or three hours.

When is the Nasogastric tube removed from my bladder?

A Nasogastric tube (NG) is usually connected to your bladder for 48 hours. Precisely, an X-Ray of your new pouch is taken before removing the NG tube from your body.

When can I consume food?

Weight loss consultants recommend that you should consume water and nutritional liquids such as Horlicks or Complan after two or three days. Consumption of nutritional diet supplements should be less than 60ml per day. This diet chart should be followed for two weeks after the surgery.

After two weeks, you can consume other liquids like tea and skimmed milk. However, you should not add sugar to any liquid. Also, every carbonated beverages should be strictly avoided.

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Patients are discharged from the hospital within 5 days upon the surgery. Hence, you should know the post-operative procedure to recover properly and lose weight successfully.

Weight Reduction Surgery FAQ – Busting Myths and Knowing Truths

Surgery is considered to be an effective weight loss tool. Many people that experience problems related to weight look for the surgery. But this procedure begins with accumulation of knowledge about the surgery. Though some people get to know the actual information at the first instance, many get scared of the weight reduction surgery myths. Hence, here are some important truths about the obesity surgery in India.

When should I go for surgery?

Surgery is generally not prescribed to people with excess fat as the first choice. The surgical solution comes into the picture of appropriate options when medicinal treatments do not trigger weight loss. Moreover, you should choose weight reduction surgery if your BMI is higher than 35 after making months of consistent efforts to lose fats.

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What if I have other health-problems?

Every patient requires to undergo several health evaluation before the surgery. Doctors analyze the physical and mental stability of the patients to check whether or not the surgery should be performed. Hence, if you have any serious health-problems, the physician will consider it and discuss if the surgery is appropriate for you.

How long will the surgery take? What about the hospital stay?

The time involved in surgery depends upon the procedure to be followed. The surgery may take anytime between one hour and six hours. Moreover, if the weight reduction surgery is followed by other cosmetic surgery, it might take more time.

The hospital stay is limited to three days if your health conditions are stable upon the surgery. In case you experience complications, the hospital time may increase.

Will my lifestyle change really?

Yes, lifestyle changes drastically after obesity surgery in India. You will have to follow a prescribed diet plan and participate in physical activities regularly. Apart from this, weight loss will boost self-confidence as the result of which you will be more confident while interacting with people.

Will I gain weight again?

Generally, if you follow the diet plan and exercise regularly, you would not gain weight. However, skipping physical activities and consuming high-calorie diet will increase your weight.

Mental preparation for weight reduction surgery is very crucial. Hence, you must know the truths and shouldn’t believe in myths.

Gastric Bypass Surgery vs. Gastric Banding Weight Loss Surgery

Obesity is a major health problem for people residing in six out of seven continents. Obese face numerous physical and mental problems throughout their lifetime. There are several ways through which they can lose weight; the most common ones being dieting and exercising. Millions of obese make endless efforts to lose weight through these practices, but fail to achieve their weight loss goals. In such desperate times, weight loss surgery comes to their rescue.

The surgical solution to weight loss is considered to be the most effective tool. It helps people with excess weight in losing fat and getting healthier. With thousands of people opting for weight loss surgery, several procedures of surgery have been developed by doctors. The most common surgical solutions recommended by surgeons are Gastric Bypass and Gastric Banding.

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While both the gastric surgeries are effective in triggering weight loss, there is a significant difference in their respective procedures, complications and efficiency.

Gastric Bypass Surgery

Gastric bypass surgery is a quickest procedure to attain weight loss. When an obese opts for this measure, he loses about 38% of his total weight within 12 months after the surgery. The reduced weight can be maintained for more than a decade by exercising routinely and following a diet plan. On an average, a person loses 25% weight in a decade through this weight reduction surgery.

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When it comes to risk, one in every ten patients face minor complications. Apart from this, there is 5% risk of occurrence of major complications and 1% risk of death.

Gastric Binding Surgery

Gastric binding surgery is the less-invasive weight loss surgery that is generally performed laparoscopically. Through this surgery, an obese loses 25% weight in the first year after surgery. The average rate decreases to 13% in a decade.

Though the efficiency percentage is lesser than gastric bypass surgery, this surgery is more secured. Hardly a person faces major complications upon the surgery. In addition to this, a patient can recover and perform physical activities in a few days after the surgery.

To sum it up, Gastric bypass surgery is more effective, whereas gastric binding has lesser risks. Choosing the better weight loss surgery depends upon the weight loss goals and priorities of an obese.