As obesity is a major health crisis, doctors are continuously looking for improved bariatric care in India. Several types of surgeries are available for people suffering from the effects of obesity. Some surgeries, such as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and vertical banded gastroplasty are recommended by many weight loss consultants for its effectiveness. Recently, doctors have conducted a research to find whether bariatric surgery changes the gut bacteria in a patient’s body.
In this research, bariatric doctors in Sweden monitored the gut bacteria of several women for a decade. The research involved monitoring two types of women; women who have undergone an efficient bariatric surgery, and obese women who haven’t undergone the same. Moreover, the first category of women consisted of two groups – one, who went for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and, second, who went for vertical banded gastroplasty. As both the surgeries are an imperative part of bariatric care in India, this research has great significance in Indian medical industry.
During this research, it was observed that the women who have gone for surgery had a different composition of gut bacteria than the ones who didn’t undergo the surgery. In fact, the composition of these Escherichia, Klebsiella and Pseudomonas bacteria were more abundant in women who opted for the surgery.
When further analysis was conducted, it was found that the women who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass had better composition of gut bacteria than obese women that opted for vertical banded gastroplasty.
To find the effectiveness of gut bacteria, bariatric surgery researchers transferred the bacteria of different groups of women to especially raised mice that didn’t had their own gut bacteria. Hence, the gut bacteria of women that didn’t undergo and the ones that underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and vertical banded gastroplasty were transferred into different mice.
Observation stated that the mice whose body were given the gut bacteria of women who have experienced the Roux-en-Y surgery and the vertical banded gastroplasty had 43% and 26% lesser body fat respectively than the mice whose body got the gut bacteria of women who haven’t undergone surgery.
Hence, this research stated that the gut bacteria is directly responsible for triggering weight loss in humans. In addition to this, it was highlighted that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is the most effective bariatric care in India as it composes more efficient gut bacteria than any other recommended practices.